Tuesday, April 5, 2011

ODDITIES: Death at "The Bottoms" - A. B. Cunningham

Here's an odd cast of characters for you: Snotnose Kale, Bigfoot Paden, Dummy Axling, Carlyn Aljor, Wib Turner, Butch Thord, Keb Folden, and Rod Kloth. Are we in Harry Stephen Keeler territory here? Maybe some kind of Damon Runyon tale with quaintly dubbed gangsters? Could it be some Lil Abner style murder mystery? The last guess isn't too far off. These are the people of A.B. Cunningham's WW2 era Kentucky in his fourth novel Death at "The Bottoms."

This is the first book by Cunningham I've read and I'm glad I chose this one as my introduction to his work. It's one of those old-fashioned backwoods detective novels that has echoes of the kind of detection done by Hesketh Pritchard's November Joe and not a little bit of Sherlock Holmes.

The victim is Vivian Beck and she appears to have been attacked by a pack of dogs that has been roaming and attacking livestock. Her body has been found in deep snow with several sets of dog tracks surrounding the immediate area. Farmers in town have been keeping their shotguns by their doors in case they hear the marauding canines. Sheriff Jess Roden, Cunningham's series detective, almost immediately sees that the wounds that caused her death could not have been made by dogs or any other animal. Why? Because many of them contain rust stains and flecks of corroded metal. Roden's investigation of the crime scene is only the first instance of some interesting fundamental detective work.

In a surprisingly violent scene early in the book a group of overgrown delinquents bent on ending the dog pack attacks go on a killing spree savagely and sadistically doing in a number of pets unfortunately running loose in the area. When Roden gets word of the dog killing spree he and a friend set out to avenge the town's pets. Roden sets his own dogs (he owns five) on the men with a hidden agenda in mind. He wants to have a few of the men incur dog attack wounds so that he can compare them with the wounds in the corpse of Vivian Beck. This is how the law works in rural Kentucky in the early 1940s.

As the book progresses it becomes increasingly odd. It seems to be suffering from a schizoid identity. While it is definitely a detective novel, the characters, the extreme violence and the dark tone make me want to treat it differently. It's almost as if Cunningham managed to create his own version of country noir not unlike the plots found in Daniel Woodrell's crime novels which were written more than forty years after this book. Although there is no real doomed obsessive love story here as in noir, there is a love triangle of sorts. Also, the characters are grotesque enough to have been created for a typical noir story.

Bigfoot Paden is a moonshine maker with a still hidden away in an abandoned mine. Carlyn Aljor is a femme fatale of a nurse taking care of Ivy Martin, an ungrateful invalid, but spends her time seducing Chas Beck, the victim's handsome husband, whenever she has a chance. Then there's Dummy Axling, a deaf mute who is a key witness but whose communication skills are almost completely absent. His wild gesticulating and grunting lead only to more confusion rather than clearing up the strange circumstances surrounding the murder of Vivian Beck.  Finally, there's Big Nig, the token stereotyped black character complete with insulting phonetic dialect.  He's deputized by a US marshal in order to persuade moonshiner Bigfoot Paden to cooperate with the law. Big Nig's major scene is a Kentucky duel of sorts with the moonshiner. Bigfoot is armed with a fish gig and the giant black man threatens to cut Paden to ribbons with his straight razor he conveniently carries on a string around his neck. You don't find these kinds of characters in Agatha Christie, do you?

The finale has a few nice twists in store and I was genuinely taken by surprise when the murderer was unmasked. There's the usual summing up in the final chapter in the manner of a typical detective novel and all the odd angles of the story suddenly are revealed in their true light. The grotesqueness of some of the characters is what serves as the main form of misdirection in this book. The reader spends so much time appalled by their actions and words that he fails (as does Roden) to see what is really going on. Cunningham must be given credit for putting a very American spin on his mystery novels.

I'm interested in reading the four other Cunningham books I managed to acquire this year.  Anthony Boucher in his reviews done for the San Francisco Chronicle has some good things to say about Cunningham's detective novels.  This one must be atypical of his work.

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NOTE: I have started receiving requests for books to loan out by mail. Can you believe it? For those who are yet unaware of this service read this post. The above book I DO NOT own. Please do not send requests for it.

I am trying to come up with a way to signal whether or not a book is available for loan. Other than flat out telling you, I am stumped. I'm not good with this kind of shorthand symbol thing. Anyone have any ideas? A free book from one of my many duplicate copies is yours if you come up with a simple solution.  Is this my first contest?  Maybe.


  1. John, I think this author fits in with the regional movement in American mystery that was really developing in the 1930s and 1940s. Most often people associate this with the Cape Cod Cozy of Phoebe Atwood Taylor and others, but A. B. Cunningham offers a rougher, backwoods edge. It's a little like if Faulkner had done more with the mystery genre than he actually did.

  2. As usual excellent insight and analogy, Curt. Faulkner. Of course! I thought Cunnignham's book felt very Southern Gothic, but hesitated using that term. I liked "country noir" because Woodrell came to mind quicker than Faulkner. (I've already shed my true literary past.) I've read several of Woodrell's books and the recent movie version of Winter's Bone was fresh in my mind.

  3. As for how to ID a book available for loan, why not call these books part of PSB's Library. In the title header of the review you could add the words "PSB's Library" or just the famous footnote symbol *. You could add to your Pages section - * PSB Library and a link to the list of books available.

  4. From James -

    A clever fellow, that Jess Roden. Doesn't like to wash his dishes but his talent with his hunting dogs is admirable. I enjoyed your review, John, and look forward to your views on the other Cunningham titles.

  5. Michael -

    Now why didn't I think of a separate page on the blog specifically for books available for loan? A true "duh" moment. I'm still new at this and never dawned on me. A perfect solution. Thanks!

  6. If nothing else I'd suggest you put "CMLL" (Classic Mystery Lending Library) at the end of your review to let us know it's available, either right away or when the current borrower returns it. That CMLL won't alert anyone not familiar with your blog, such as a one-time drop-in, if that's right be desirable, but regulars would understand. I know I've been wondering how I could tell, but I have enough on my reading platter right now that requesting a book wouldn't be fair to others who may want it.

  7. I guess my simple solution isn't as elegant as Michael's, but it would be less work...

  8. I'm thinking of a combination of both, Richard. On the page listing loaner copies I'll also include the instructions for care and return of the book.

    I plan on loaning reading copies and duplicates, BTW, to the general public. The regular readers of the blog who I trust to be true book lovers get a wider selection. Have to be a little more protective and slighter less generous than most people think I may be.

  9. PSB's very menacing floating library, where the due dates are scribbled on your funeral policy and late fees are paid in blood!

    Only the brave and the desperate dare to checkout a copy of a rare, long sought-after mystery, but make sure the book will be returned in time or the pernicious librarian will mark your soul with a cancellation stamp.

  10. Bwah, ha, ha (pathetic attempt at phonetic sinister laugh)

    It's all so true, TomKat. Your oracular powers never fail you. Mephistopheles is always on duty at the reference desk, too. I have pull with the underworld.

    Why do you think the catchphrase here is "Read this..or else!"